According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Human Trafficking is defined as:
“the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means or threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of abuse of power or a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor of services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude and the removal of organs.”
Victims of Human Trafficking are given false passports, which are taken, at the will of the trafficker, to keep the victim in their power.
Victims of Human Trafficking are protected by the “Trafficking Victims Protect Act of 2000”.
Smuggling of migrants/ Slavery of Farm Workers:
a) shall mean the procurement, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a State Party (country) of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident;
b) “Illegal entry” shall mean crossing borders without complying with the necessary requirements for legal entry into the receiving State.
c) “Fraudulent travel or identity document” shall mean any travel or identity document:
Undocumented/Illegal immigrants are arrested and deported.
For more information the UNODC website is: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/index.html … see: “What is human trafficking” and “What is migrant smuggling”